charles taylor warlord crime sierra leone
Judges at an international war crimes court have sentenced former Liberian President Charles Taylor to 50 years in prison following his landmark conviction for supporting rebels in Sierra Leone who murdered and mutilated thousands during their country’s brutal civil war in return for blood diamonds.
The Special Court for Sierra Leone found Taylor guilty last month on 11 charges of aiding and abetting the rebels who went on a bloody rampage during the decade-long war that ended in 2002 with more than 50,000 dead.
Presiding Judge Richard Lussick says the crimes Taylor was convicted of were of the “utmost gravity in terms of scale and brutality.”
The 64-year-old warlord-turned-president is the first former head of state convicted by an international war crimes court since the Second World War.
Taylor will serve his sentence in a British jail.
His lawyers, however, are expected to appeal his convictions and that will likely keep him in a jail in The Hague, Netherlands, for months.
Prosecutors say he funnelled arms, ammunition and other supplies in return for “blood diamonds” mined using slave labour.
Presiding Judge Richard Lussick said: “The lives of many more innocent civilians in Sierra Leone were lost or destroyed as a direct result of his actions.”
Taylor showed no emotion as the judge handed down what will effectively be a life sentence.
Prosecutors had asked judges at the Special Court for Sierra Leone to impose an 80-year sentence; Taylor’s lawyers urged judges to hand down a sentence that offered him some hope of release before he dies.
Mr Lussick said an 80-year sentence would have been excessive as Taylor was convicted of aiding and abetting crimes and not direct involvement.
But the judge added that Taylor was “in a class of his own” compared to others convicted by the United Nations-backed court.
“The special status of Mr. Taylor as a head of state puts him in a different category of offenders for the purpose of sentencing,” Mr Lussick said.
At a sentencing hearing earlier this month, Taylor expressed “deepest sympathy” for the suffering of victims of atrocities in Sierra Leone but insisted he had acted to help stabilise the West Africa region and claimed he never knowingly assisted in the commission of crimes.
“What I did…was done with honour,” he said. “I was convinced that unless there was peace in Sierra Leone, Liberia would not be able to move forward.”
However, judges ruled that Taylor armed and supplied the rebels in full knowledge they would likely use weapons to commit terrible crimes.
Prosecutors said there was no reason for leniency, given the extreme nature of the crimes, Taylor’s “greed” and misuse of his position of power.
“The purposely cruel and savage crimes committed included public executions and amputations of civilians, the display of decapitated heads at checkpoints, the killing and public disembowelment of a civilian whose intestines were then stretched across the road to make a check point, public rapes of women and girls, and people burned alive in their homes,” prosecutor Brenda Hollis wrote in a brief appealing for the 80-year sentence.
Taylor stepped down and fled into exile in Nigeria after being indicted by the court in 2003. He was finally arrested and sent to the Netherlands in 2006.
While the Sierra Leone court is based in that country’s capital, Freetown, Taylor’s trial is being staged in Leidschendam, a suburb of The Hague, for fear holding it in West Africa could destabilise the region.